1a. In the excerpt “Inaugural address” given by Donald Trump in January 2017, Trump argues for Americans to unite and restore prosperity for all, after years when only politicians and Washington prospered while the country suffered. The language is predominantly informal.
However, there are long and declarative type of sentences. Moreover, normalisation is used: the verb “to establish” was generated to the noun “establishment”, thus giving the text an underlying formal tone, which convince the listener that Trump is reflected and credible.
On the other hand, the excerpt is written in a personal manner including pronouns, such as; “we” and “you”. In addition, there are numerous interrogative and imperative sentences. This format invokes feelings and creates unity and solidarity amongst the people of the US. Lastly, the vocabulary is mostly based on everyday words that are easy to understand.
1b. The poem’s relevance under Trump’s presidency
2a. America international role over recent decades
To begin with, the excerpt from Ronald W. Reagan’s inaugural address suggest a peaceful, cooperative America: “we will strive for mutually beneficial relations. We will not use our friendship to impose on their sovereignty, for our own sovereignty is not for sale.
As for the enemies of freedom, those who are potential adversaries, they will be reminded that peace is the highest aspiration of the American people”. During Reagan’s presidency 1981-1989 , the Reagan administration strongly advocated against the Soviet Union, determined to combat communism.
Moreover, publicly demanding that the Soviet general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin wall, also illustrated by the caricature in appendix 1. Acknowledging the fact that the US was part of the Cold War at this time, it was necessary Americas international role involved extensive diplomatic interaction with other countries to keep the peace.
As a result of carrying out this foreign policy, the US managed to make peace with the Soviet Union, signing the INF-treaty in 1987, putting an end to the cold war .
Secondly, the excerpt from George W. Bush’s 2001 inaugural address suggest that the US had become more self-interested in foreign affairs, but that it still strived to maintain its global role as a defender of liberty: “America remain engaged in the world, by history and by choice, shaping a balance of power that favors freedom.
We will defend our allies and our interests”. This suggests that Bush was not afraid to go to war if necessary for the sake of its allies, interests, or when liberty was considered under threat in foreign countries.
Incidentally, the 9/11 attacks in 2001, killing nearly 3000 Americans , naturally effected the foreign and security policy, and launched what Bush administration called “a global war on terror”.
Tamara Cofman Wittes, the director of Brookings institution (center for Middle East policy) said that: “the wars in the Middle east, the metastasis of ISIS, online radicalization, and a series of attacks in European and American cities have made the paradigm of a “global war on terror” very hard to set aside, even after 9/11” .
Owing to this America felt it necessary to change the foreign policy in order to protect the nations safety.