I: “India and Pakistan at 70”
- Graph 1
- Graph 2
- Graph 3
- Graph 4
- Graph 5
II: “India has made primary education universal, but not good”
III: “Child labor: The inconvenient truth behind India’s growth story”
IV: “Youth unemployment bucks India’s rapid growth”

Discussion of challenges
- Demographic challenges
- Youth unemployment
- Poor education

Discussion of solutions
- Possible solutions to uneven economic growth
- Possible solutions to demographic challenges
- Possible solutions to child labour
- Possible solutions to youth unemployment
- Possible solutions to poor education

"India and Pakistan: A 70-Year Journey" is a thought-provoking video production by the esteemed Financial Times, commemorating seven decades of India and Pakistan's sovereignty following their liberation from British colonial rule.

This captivating visual narrative not only features five meticulously detailed graphs but also encompasses a plethora of socio-economic insights concerning these two nations.

Within the video, viewers are enlightened about India's remarkable economic evolution. At the dawn of independence, India's economic prowess was a mere fraction, constituting a mere 15% of that of the United States.

Today, it stands at approximately half of the US GDP. However, when scrutinizing economic output per capita, both India and Pakistan find themselves at a modest 10% compared to the United States, while neighboring Bangladesh lags slightly behind, at approximately half of this figure.

Projections for the future reveal fascinating demographic shifts. Bangladesh and Pakistan are poised to witness their urban populations surpassing their rural counterparts by the late 2030s.

India, on the other hand, is projected to achieve this urbanization milestone around 2050. Furthermore, an intriguing urban dynamics forecast predicts that within approximately two decades, Delhi's urban population will surpass that of Tokyo, currently the world's most populous urban area.

The United Nations envisions that by 2030, South Asian cities such as Lahore (Pakistan) and Dhaka (Bangladesh) will ascend to the ranks of the world's top ten most populous urban centers, surpassing the iconic New York (USA).

The video also delves into the fascinating realm of healthcare. In 1947, life expectancy at birth in India was a mere 32 years.

However, concerted efforts in healthcare have resulted in significant progress, with Pakistan boasting a life expectancy of 66 years, India at 68 years, and Bangladesh leading the trio at 72 years.